# Voltage drop

Online calculators and formulas for calculating the voltage loss in a wire

## Calculate loss voltage of a wire

This page calculates the voltage drop that is lost in a wire due to its resistance. To do this, the input voltage, the current, the simple cable length and the cable cross-section must be specified.

A phase shift in the case of inductive loading can be specified as an option. A value of 1 is preset for Cos φ for ohmic load and direct current.

The specific resistance or the conductance can be specified for the material of the conductor. The following table contains the most common values of the conductance.

#### Conductance

Copper 56.0
Silver 62.5
Aluminium 35.0

For a list of other specific resistances and conductance values click here.

Voltage drop calculator

 Input Voltage (V) Load current (A) Wire length (one way) (m) *) Cross-sectional area (mm2) Cos φ Resistivity (Ω) Conductance (S) Result Loss voltage Useful voltage Voltage drop Wire resistance Decimal places 0 1 2 3 4 6 8 10

### Legend

$$\displaystyle A$$ cross-section

$$\displaystyle l$$  length

$$\displaystyle R$$ Resistance of the wire

$$\displaystyle ρ$$ Specific resistance

$$\displaystyle σ$$Specific conductance

$$\displaystyle Un$$ Nominal voltage (input)

$$\displaystyle ΔU$$ Loss voltage

## Formulas for voltage drop calculation

 Single wire resistance $$\displaystyle R=\frac{ρ · l}{A}$$ $$\displaystyle =\frac{l}{σ · A}$$ Total wire resistance $$\displaystyle R=2 ·\frac{ρ · l}{A}$$ $$\displaystyle =2 ·\frac{l}{σ · A}$$ loss voltage $$\displaystyle ΔU=2 ·\frac{l}{σ · A}· I · cos( φ)$$ voltage drop in % $$\displaystyle Δu=\frac{ΔU}{Un} ·100 \%$$