Online calculators and formulas for calculating the voltage loss in a wire
This page calculates the voltage drop that is lost in a wire due to its resistance. To do this, the input voltage, the current, the simple cable length and the cable crosssection must be specified.
A phase shift in the case of inductive loading can be specified as an option. A value of 1 is preset for Cos φ for ohmic load and direct current.
The specific resistance or the conductance can be specified for the material of the conductor. The following table contains the most common values of the conductance.
Material
Conductance
Copper 56.0 Silver 62.5 Aluminium 35.0
For a list of other specific resistances and conductance values click here.

\(\displaystyle A \) crosssection
\(\displaystyle l \) length
\(\displaystyle R \) Resistance of the wire
\(\displaystyle ρ \) Specific resistance
\(\displaystyle σ \)Specific conductance
\(\displaystyle Un \) Nominal voltage (input)
\(\displaystyle ΔU \) Loss voltage
Single wire resistance  \(\displaystyle R=\frac{ρ · l}{A}\)  \(\displaystyle =\frac{l}{σ · A}\)  
Total wire resistance  \(\displaystyle R=2 ·\frac{ρ · l}{A}\)  \(\displaystyle =2 ·\frac{l}{σ · A}\)  
loss voltage  \(\displaystyle ΔU=2 ·\frac{l}{σ · A}· I · cos( φ) \)  
voltage drop in %  \(\displaystyle Δu=\frac{ΔU}{Un} ·100 \% \) 
